Experiences of childhood abuse can lead individuals to develop negative cognitive styles or schemas about their self, the others and the world. These schemas, which are developed or internalized in early stages of life, underlie various psychological problems and negatively affect psychological wellbeing in adulthood. The aim of the present study is to examine the mediating role of early maladaptive schemas in the relationship between childhood abuse experiences and psychological wellbeing. For this purpose, Child Trauma Questionnaire, Young Schema Questionnaire, Brief Symptom Inventory and a questionnaire to collect data on their demographic characteristics were administered to 430 university students whose ages are 19-26. The results of the analyses showed that each of childhood abuse experiences were significantly related to psychological wellbeing and schema domains of disconnection/rejection and impaired autonomy fully mediated this relationship. Childhood abuse experiences, regardless of the type of these experiences, may lead to being developed early maladaptive schemas in schema domains of disconnection and impaired autonomy and these schema domains may be significant cognitive risk factor for psychological problems in adulthood.