The emerging significance of circadian rhythmicity in microvascular resistance

Kroetsch J. T., Lidington D., Bolz S.

Chronobiology International, vol.39, no.4, pp.465-475, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/07420528.2021.2009505
  • Journal Name: Chronobiology International
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, SportDiscus, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.465-475
  • Keywords: Vascular smooth muscle cells, systemic hemodynamics, total peripheral resistance, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator, CFTR, tumor necrosis factor, TNF, cerebral arteries
  • TED University Affiliated: No


© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.The Earth’s rotation generates environmental oscillations (e.g., in light and temperature) that have imposed unique evolutionary pressures over millions of years. Consequently, the circadian clock, a ubiquitously expressed molecular system that aligns cellular function to these environmental cues, has become an integral component of our physiology. The resulting functional rhythms optimize and economize physiological performance: perturbing these rhythms, therefore, is frequently deleterious. This perspective article focuses on circadian rhythms in resistance artery myogenic reactivity, a key mechanism governing tissue perfusion, total peripheral resistance and systemic blood pressure. Emerging evidence suggests that myogenic reactivity rhythms are locally generated in a microvascular bed-specific manner at the level of smooth muscle cells. This implies that there is a distinct interface between the molecular clock and the signalling pathways underlying myogenic reactivity in the microvascular beds of different organs. By understanding the precise nature of these molecular links, it may become possible to therapeutically manipulate microvascular tone in an organ-specific manner. This raises the prospect that interventions for vascular pathologies that are challenging to treat, such as hypertension and brain malperfusion, can be significantly improved.