Flow over a stepped chute with and without macro-roughness elements

Kökpınar M. A.

CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING, vol.31, no.5, pp.880-891, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1139/l01-059
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.880-891
  • Keywords: stepped chute, air-entrainment, air-water flow properties, macro-roughness elements, skimming flow, SKIMMING FLOWS, ENTRAINMENT, TRANSITION, CHANNELS
  • TED University Affiliated: No


High-speed two-phase flows over a 30degrees stepped flume were experimentally investigated using macro-roughness elements. The roughness elements included combinations of steps and horizontal strips. Local values of air concentration, air bubble frequency, and mean chord lengths were measured by a fiber-optical instrumentation system in the air-water flow region. The range of unit discharge of water was varied from 0.06 to 0.20 m(2)/s. Three step configurations were studied: (i) without macro-roughness elements, (ii) with macro-roughness elements on each step, and (iii) with macro-roughness elements on each second step (AMR configuration). The results were compared in terms of onset flow conditions and internal air-water flow parameters such as local air concentration, mean air bubble chord length distribution, and air bubble frequency in the skimming flow regime. It was observed that the AMR configuration produced the maximum free-surface aeration among the other configurations. This alternative step geometry has potential for less cavitation damage than conventional step geometry because of the greater air entrainment.