Intelligent Reflecting Surface Aided Vehicular Optical Wireless Communication Systems using Higher-order Mode in Underwater Channel

Ata Y., Gökçe M. C., Baykal Y.

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tvt.2024.3370651
  • Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Adaptive optics, Intelligent reflecting surfaces (IRS), Optical attenuators, Optical fiber communication, Optical reflection, Optical scattering, optical wireless communication, Signal to noise ratio, underwater communication, Wireless communication
  • TED University Affiliated: Yes


Instead of traditional acoustic communication, optical wireless communication (OWC) remains as a prominent solution in terms of ensuring high data rates for underwater sensor network (USN) including autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), submarines, and other underwater platforms. This study is devoted to the performance analysis of underwater optical wireless communication (UOWC) systems using higher-order mode optical beam source and performance improvement with the application of intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) by using realistic parameters. To make the study as comprehensive as possible, the effects of beam misalignment, attenuation (absorption- and scattering-induced), and underwater turbulence are included. The analytical expressions are obtained for probability density function (PDF), cumulative distribution function (CDF) and outage probability (OP) of UOWC channel. The benefit of IRS application is observed to attain at significant levels for UOWC.