Risk Assessment of Sea Level Rise for Karasu Coastal Area, Turkey

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Eliawa A., Numanoğlu Genç A., Tora H., Maraş H. H.

Hydrology, vol.10, no.1, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/hydrology10010013
  • Journal Name: Hydrology
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Keywords: coastal hazard, digital elevation model, Karasu, risk, sea level rise
  • TED University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 by the authors.Sea Level Rise (SLR) due to global warming is becoming a more pressing issue for coastal zones. This paper presents an overall analysis to assess the risk of a low-lying coastal area in Karasu, Turkey. For SLR scenarios of 1 m, 2 m, and 3 m by 2100, inundation levels were visualized using Digital Elevation Model (DEM). The eight-side rule is applied as an algorithm through Geographic Information System (GIS) using ArcMap software with high-resolution DEM data generated by eleven 1:5000 scale topographic maps. The outcomes of GIS-based inundation maps indicated 1.40%, 6.02%, and 29.27% of the total land area by 1 m, 2 m, and 3 m SLR scenarios, respectively. Risk maps have shown that water bodies, low-lying urban areas, arable land, and beach areas have a higher risk at 1 m. In a 2 m scenario, along with the risk of the 1 m scenario, forests become at risk as well. For the 3 m scenario, almost all the territorial features of the Karasu coast are found to be inundated. The effect of SLR scenarios based on population and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is also analyzed. It is found that the 2 and 3 m scenarios lead to a much higher risk compared to the 1 m scenario. The combined hazard–vulnerability data shows that estuarine areas on the west and east of the Karasu region have a medium vulnerability. These results provide primary assessment data for the Karasu region for the decision-makers to enhance land use policies and coastal management plans.