Perceptual 3D rendering based on principles of analytical cubism

Creative Commons License

Arpa S., Bulbul A., Çapın T. K., Ozguc B.

Computers and Graphics (Pergamon), vol.36, no.8, pp.991-1004, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Abstract
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cag.2012.06.003
  • Journal Name: Computers and Graphics (Pergamon)
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.991-1004
  • Keywords: Cubism, Non-photorealistic rendering, Art, Computer graphics
  • TED University Affiliated: No


Cubism, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, was a breakthrough in art, influencing artists to abandon existing traditions. In this paper, we present a novel approach for cubist rendering of 3D synthetic environments. Rather than merely imitating cubist paintings, we apply the main principles of analytical cubism to 3D graphics rendering. In this respect, we develop a new cubist camera providing an extended view, and a perceptually based spatial imprecision technique that keeps the important regions of the scene within a certain area of the output. Additionally, several methods to provide a painterly style are applied. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our extending view method by comparing the visible face counts in the images rendered by the cubist camera model and the traditional perspective camera. Besides, we give an overall discussion of final results and apply user tests in which users compare our results very well with analytical cubist paintings but not synthetic cubist paintings. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.