Unemployment and Health Indicators: Case of Turkey

Köse T., Güleryüz E. H.

Finans-Politik & Ekonomik Yorumlar Dergisi, vol.54, no.633, pp.27-39, 2017


This study examines the relationship between unemployment rate and health indicators for Turkey by using data at national and regional levels. Time series models and fixed effects models are estimated for different health indicators. According to time series analysis results covering 1960-2015, statistically significant correlations are revealed between unemployment rate and different health indicators. We have observed that there was a negative and procyclical relationship between unemployment rate and life expectancy, while there is a positive and countercyclical relationship between unemployment rate and the birth rate, mortality rate and infant mortality rate. The findings in the time series analysis show positive and countercyclical relationships between unemployment rate and infant mortality rate, birth rate and suicide number due to economic reasons and these relationships are statistically significant. A negative and procyclical correlation between unemployment rate and mortality rate is observed, but this correlation is not statistically significant.