Transmission of a polychromatic electromagnetic multi-Gaussian Schell-model beam in an inhomogeneous gradient-index fiber

Şahin S., Zhang M., Chen Y., Cai Y.

JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA A-OPTICS IMAGE SCIENCE AND VISION, vol.35, no.9, pp.1604-1611, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


We derive analytical expressions for the cross-spectral density matrix of polychromatic electromagnetic multi-Gaussian Schell-model (EMGSM) beam transmission through a gradient-index fiber. The space-spectrum evolution properties for the spectral density, spectral shift, degree of polarization, and electromagnetic coherence state of a polychromatic EMGSM beam with Lorentzian line type spectrum and central wavelength lambda(0) = 1550 nm propagation in a silica-clad germania core inhomogeneous graded-index fiber are studied in detail. We show that these statistical properties exhibit periodicity in the fiber, caused by the focusing property of square-law media, which can be reminiscent of the self-imaging effect of optical fields. The effects of the non-conventional correlation functions of the polychromatic EMGSM beam on the transmission properties are also investigated. (c) 2018 Optical Society of America