Cointegration and adjustment dynamics of REIT and stock markets during the global financial and European debt crises

Erol U., Yüksel S. A., Yuksel A., Ozturk H.

Global Business and Economics Review, vol.23, no.1, pp.23-49, 2020 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1504/gber.2020.108393
  • Journal Name: Global Business and Economics Review
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, EconLit, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.23-49
  • Keywords: Cointegration, Crisis, Real estate investment trust, REIT, Stock market
  • TED University Affiliated: No


This paper analyses the cointegration relationship between the REIT and stock markets of ten developed countries during the 2005-2013 period, which is characterised by the global financial and the European debt crises. Given the structural breaks in the data, the effect of these two crises is examined separately by dividing the sample period into four equal parts and by using M-TAR cointegration analysis. The results suggest that the cointegration between the stock and REIT markets was not a globally observed feature prior to the twin crises. The strong and globally valid cointegration observed after 2007 was due to the common negative response of both markets to the unexpected massive shocks. These shocks also led to bilateral causality and strong feedback effects between these two markets, thus strictly limiting the diversification benefits of the REIT market during the crisis period.