Long-term evolution of dim isolated neutron stars


Ertan U., Çalişkan S., Benli O., Alpar M.

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.444, no.2, pp.1559-1565, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 444 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/mnras/stu1523
  • Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1559-1565
  • Keywords: accretion, accretion discs, stars: neutron, pulsars: individual (AXPs), X-rays: bursts
  • TED University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The X-ray dim isolated neutron stars (XDINs) have periods in the same range as the anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs) and the soft gamma-ray repeaters (SGRs). We apply the fallback disc model, which explains the period clustering and other properties of AXP/SGRs, to the six XDINs with measured periods and period derivatives. Present properties of XDINs are obtained in evolutionary scenarios with surface dipole magnetic fields B0 ∼ 1012 G. The XDINs have gone through an accretion epoch with rapid spin-down earlier, and have emerged in their current state, with the X-ray luminosity provided by neutron star cooling and no longer by accretion. Our results indicate that the known XDINs are not likely to be active radio pulsars, as the low B0, together with their long periods place these sources clearly below the 'death valley'.