Hostile Sexism and Gender System Justification Predict Greater Support for Girl Child Marriage in Turkey


Sex Roles, vol.88, no.5-6, pp.201-209, 2023 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 88 Issue: 5-6
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11199-023-01348-y
  • Journal Name: Sex Roles
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, PASCAL, Periodicals Index Online, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, Educational research abstracts (ERA), Gender Studies Database, Index Islamicus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Political Science Complete, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.201-209
  • Keywords: Girl child marriage, Child marriage, Forced marriage, Gender-specific system Justification, Gender status quo, Ambivalent sexism, Hostile sexism, Benevolent sexism, Turkey
  • TED University Affiliated: Yes


The current study examines whether individual differences in the endorsement of hostile and benevolently sexist ideology predict attitudes toward girl child marriages in Turkey and whether the motivation to justify the gender system mediates these associations. Four hundred forty-seven participants responded to scales measuring attitudes toward girl child marriages, gender-specific system justification, and ambivalent sexism. Hypotheses were tested via regression-based mediation analyses. Results demonstrated a clear distinction between hostile and benevolent sexism in their relation to support for child marriage: Hostile sexism predicted increased support for girl child marriages both directly and via gender-specific system justification, whereas benevolent sexism did not predict attitudes toward girl child marriages directly or through gender-related system justification. These findings suggest explicit prejudice toward women, as opposed to more subtle forms of prejudice, and a need to justify the gender status quo warrant more careful consideration as ideological targets for change in programs aimed at eradicating this brutal practice.