Natural convection in a sinusoidally heated cavity filled with ferrofluid in the presence of partial variable magnetic field

Geridonmez P., Oztop H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NUMERICAL METHODS FOR HEAT & FLUID FLOW, vol.33, no.1, pp.411-435, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/hff-01-2022-0053
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.411-435
  • Keywords: Radial basis functions, Natural convection flow, Partial variable magnetic field, Sinusoidal temperature distribution, LATTICE BOLTZMANN SIMULATION, POROUS CAVITY, NANOFLUID, FLOW, MHD, ENCLOSURE, CONSTANT
  • TED University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate partial magnetic source (MS) effect on natural convection (NC) flow of a ferrofluid flow in a cavity with sinusoidally heated vertical walls. The combination of ferrohydrodynamics and magnetohydrodynamics due to the variable magnetic field (MF) and magnetite nanoparticles in one part of the cavity, and the classical NC in the other part of the cavity are concerned. Design/methodology/approach The dimensionless equations in stream function-vorticity form are numerically solved by radial basis functions (RBF) based collocation method. Findings A remarkable change in fluid flow and heat transfer is noted if the MS location is close to the left sinusoidally heated wall. In particular, the average Nusselt number is the smallest for the middle centered partial MF through the left wall at a large Hartmann number. Research limitations/implications RBF collocation approach is limited to small geometries due to the obtained solution globally in the entire domain of the problem. Practical implications If the partial restriction of the effect of MF is done in real life, it would be a control parameter at some required/requested areas of the concerned problem. Social implications This is a physical problem. Originality/value If the proposed idea of partial variable MF is able to be applied to a system in real life, it would be a good controller on fluid flow and heat transfer. RBF-based methods are also alternative numerical procedures to solve heat transfer and fluid flow problems.