Flaws and All: How Mindfulness Reduces Error Hiding by Enhancing Authentic Functioning

Choi E., Leroy H., Johnson A., Nguyen H.

Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, vol.27, no.5, pp.451-469, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1037/ocp0000327
  • Journal Name: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.451-469
  • Keywords: mindfulness, authentic functioning, error hiding, intervention
  • TED University Affiliated: No


© 2022 American Psychological AssociationHiding errors can undermine safety by amplifying the risks of undetected errors. This article extends research on occupational safety by investigating error hiding in hospitals and applies self-determination theory to examine how mindfulness decreases error hiding through authentic functioning. We examined this research model in a randomized control trial (mindfulness training vs. active control group vs. waitlist control group) within a hospital setting. First, we used latent growth modeling to confirm that our variables were related as hypothesized, both statically or cross-sectionally as well as dynamically as they evolved over time. Next, we analyzed whether changes in these variables were a function of the intervention and confirmed the effects of the mindfulness intervention on authentic functioning and indirectly on error hiding. To elaborate on the role of authentic functioning, in a third step, we qualitatively explored the phenomenological experience of change experienced by participants in mindfulness and Pilates training. Our findings reveal that error hiding is attenuated because mindfulness encourages a receptive view of one’s whole self, and authentic functioning enables an open and nondefensive way of relating to positive and negative information about oneself. These results add to research on mindfulness in organizations, error hiding, and occupational safety.