The relationship between drinking motives and anxiety sensitivity in university students Üniversite öǧrencilerinde alkol kullanma nedenleri ile kaygi duyarliliǧi arasindaki i̇lişki

Şafak Çakmak S., Ayvaşık H. B.

Turk Psikoloji Dergisi, vol.22, no.60, pp.91-113, 2007 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 60
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Journal Name: Turk Psikoloji Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.91-113
  • Keywords: Alcohol use, Anxiety sensitivity, Drinking motives
  • TED University Affiliated: No


Motivational model of alcohol use suggests that the decision to drink is a goal-directed process in which individuals choose to drink based on their expectation that drinking will have desired outcomes. According to the model, drinking motives can be described with four categories referred as Social, Coping, Enhancement and Conformity Motives. Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is one of the personality traits that has been found to be significantly related with drinking motives. AS consists of beliefs that the experience of anxiety symptoms leads to illness or additional anxiety. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between drinking motives and AS in university students using alcohol. Participants were 411 university students (225 females and 186 males). Of the total sample, 313, of which 177 were female and 136 were male, reported using alcohol. All participants were administered Anxiety Sensitivity Index-Revised, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised and Demographic Information Form. Students with high AS reported more alcohol use for Coping, Social and Conformity Motives than those with moderate and low AS. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed that Social Motive was significantly predicted by "fear of publicly observable anxiety symptoms", Conformity Motive was significantly predicted by "fear of publicly observable anxiety symptoms" and "fear of cognitive dyscontrol". Results were discussed within the findings in the literature.