We address efficient compression and real-time streaming of stereoscopic video over the current Internet. We first propose content-adaptive stereo video coding (CA-SC), where additional coding gain, over that can be achieved by exploiting only inter-view correlations, is targeted by down-sampling one of the views spatially or temporally depending on the content, based on the well-known theory that the human visual system can perceive high frequencies in three-dimensional (3D) from the higher quality view. We also developed stereoscopic 3D video streaming server and clients by modifying available open source platforms, where each client can view the video in mono or stereo mode depending on its display capabilities. The performance of the end-to-end stereoscopic streaming system is demonstrated using subjective quality tests. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.