On the evolution of high-B radio pulsars with measured braking indices


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Benli O., Ertan Ü.

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.471, no.3, pp.2553-2557, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 471 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/mnras/stx1735
  • Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2553-2557
  • Keywords: Accretion, Accretion discs, Methods: numerical, Pulsars: general, Stars: neutron
  • TED University Affiliated: No

Abstract

We have investigated the long-term evolutions of the high-magnetic field radio pulsars (HBRPs) with measured braking indices in the same model that was applied earlier to individual anomalous X-ray pulsars (AXPs), soft gamma repeaters (SGRs) and dim isolated neutron stars (XDINs). We have shown that the rotational properties (period, period derivative and braking index) and the X-ray luminosity of individual HBRPs can be acquired simultaneously by the neutron stars evolving with fallback discs. The model sources reach the observed properties of HBRPs in the propeller phases, when pulsed radio emission is allowed, at ages consistent with the estimated ages of the supernova remnants of the sources. Our results indicate that the strength of magnetic dipole fields of HBRPs are comparable to and even greater than those of AXP/SGRs and XDINs, but still one or two orders of magnitude smaller than the values inferred from the magnetic dipole torque formula. The possible evolutionary paths of the sources imply that they will lose their seemingly HBRP property after about a few 104 yr, because either their rapidly decreasing period derivatives will lead them into the normal radio pulsar population or they will evolve into the accretion phase switching off the radio pulses.