The aim of this study is to identify the determinants of participation in adult education in Turkey. The analysis is conducted using the Adult Education Survey (AES), conducted by TurkStat. The results indicate that economic growth in the sector of employment significantly and positively affects the odds for adult education participation. The data also show that the characteristics of men and women who take courses in the most popular fields of education vary. For example, younger, more educated, and employed individuals are more likely to take part in adult education activities in Turkey. A person with no education or only a primary school education is not as active in adult education, independent of gender. The results of this study indicate that policy makers in countries like Turkey need a strategy for encouraging adult education participation among individuals with limited formal education.