Gender Differences in Sports Participation: A Multi-Level Analysis Spora Katılımda Toplumsal Cinsiyet Farklılıkları: Çok Düzeyli Bir Analiz

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Öztürk Y., Köse T., Özcan K.

Bogazici Journal, vol.35, no.2, pp.151-176, 2021 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.21773/boun.35.2.3
  • Journal Name: Bogazici Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, ABI/INFORM, EconLit, Geobase, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.151-176
  • Keywords: Europe, Gender, Multi-Level Model, Sports Participation
  • TED University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Bogazici Universitesi. All rights reserved.Regular sports participation and physical activities are associated with benefits for individual wellbeing. This study investigates gender differences in sports participation in Europe. Employing Eurobarometer (88.4) survey data, this study estimates multi-level logistic regression models for sports participation. Empirical findings indicate that females are less likely to participate in sports compared to males. Sports participation is also associated with various individual-level factors such as age, education level and health status and country-level factors such as unemployment rates and geographical location. Policy makers should avoid one-fit-all frameworks and develop heterogeneous programs, especially with respect to gender, to increase sports participation.