Coding practices in early childhood classrooms: A phenomenological study with ECE teachers in Turkey

Yücelyiğit S.

Issues in Educational Research, vol.33, no.3, pp.1250-1270, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Journal Name: Issues in Educational Research
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Periodicals Index Online, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1250-1270
  • TED University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of the research is to understand in-service and pre-service preschool teachers' perceptions of coding after their lived experiences to develop suggestions regarding incorporating coding practices into early childhood education. The study employed a phenomenological design with a total of 28 pre-service and in-service preschool teachers (19 pre-service and 9 in-service teachers). Data were collected through interviews, focus group meeting, and artefact analysis. Six hours of trainings with in-service and pre-service teachers, both conducted separately by the researcher, introduced the participants to the concept of coding in early childhood and how to apply it to their own educational programs. The perspectives of participants were examined using a thematic approach based on the interviews, focus group meeting, and artefacts (coding activity plans) they generated. The findings can be used as a needs analysis in order to create a framework for coding in early childhood education and to customise activity plans for preschool children that fit the needs of early childhood educators in incorporating coding into their educational programs.